Online Distance Education

Online Distance Education: Towards a Research Agenda provides a systematic overview of the major issues, trends, and areas of priority in online distance education research. In each chapter an international expert or team of experts provides an overview of one relevant issue in online distance education, discussing theoretical insights that guide the research, summarizing major research on the topic, posing questions and directions for future research, and discussing the implications for distance education practice as a whole. Intended as a primary reference and guide for distance educators, researchers, and policymakers, Online Distance Education takes care to address aspects of distance education practice that until now have often been marginalized, including issues of cost and economics, social justice implications, cultural impacts, faculty professional development, and the management and growth of learner communities. At once soundly empirical and thoughtfully reflective, yet also forward-looking and open to new approaches to online and distance teaching, this text is a solid resource for researchers in a rapidly expanding discipline.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 6
List of Figures and Tables 8
Foreword 10
Introduction: Research Areas in Online Distance Education 14
PART I: MACRO-LEVEL RESEARCH: DISTANCE EDUCATION SYSTEMS AND THEORIES 50
1 Internationalization and Concepts of Social Justice: What Is to Be Done? 52
2 Globalization, Culture, and Online Distance Learning 88
3 Distance Education Systems and Institutions in the Online Era: An Identity Crisis 122
4 Online Distance Education Models and Research Implications 144
5 Methods of Study in Distance Education: A Critical Review of Selected Recent Literature 164
PART II: MESO-LEVEL RESEARCH: MANAGEMENT, ORGANIZATION, AND TECHNOLOGY 186
6 Organization and Management of Online and Distance Learning 188
7 The Costs and Economics of Online Distance Education 210
8 The Use of Technology in Distance Education 230
9 Innovation and Change: Changing How we Change 250
10 Professional Development and Faculty Support 280
11 Learner Support in Online Distance Education: Essential and Evolving 300
12 Quality Assurance in Online Distance Education 324
PART III: MICRO-LEVEL RESEARCH: LEARNING AND TEACHING IN DISTANCE EDUCATION 356
13 Major Movements in Instructional Design 358
14 Interaction and Communication in Online Learning Communities: Toward an Engaged and Flexible Future 394
15 Quantitative Analysis of Interaction Patterns in Online Distance Education 416
16 From the Back Door into the Mainstream: The Characteristics of Lifelong Learners 434
17 Student Dropout: The Elephant in the Room 472
Conclusion: Towards a Research Agenda 498
Contributors 506
Index 516
A 516
B 516
C 516
D 516
H 517
G 517
F 517
E 517
M 518
L 518
K 518
J 518
I 518
N 519
O 519
P 519
Q 519
V 520
U 520
T 520
S 520
R 520
W 520