The Freshwater Fishes of British Columbia

Ebook

The Freshwater Fishes of British Columbia

The threat of deteriorating habitats and a loss of biodiversity make this reference work on the freshwater fishes of British Columbia more necessary than ever before. Eighty-one comprehensive species accounts aid accurate identification and consist of an illustration, the scientific and common names of the fish, its distinguishing characteristics, taxonomic comments, geographic distribution, a life-history summary, a habitat-use summary, and conservation comments. The book is a critical resource for biologists, naturalists, management and conservation officers, anglers, and members of the public who are concerned about our natural heritage.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Front Cover 1
Title Page 4
Copyright 5
Dedication 6
Sponsors 8
Contents 18
Foreword 24
About this Book 28
Purpose 28
What Fishes Are Included? 29
The Keys 30
Abbreviations 31
Species Accounts 31
Names of Fishes 32
Conservation Comments 33
Distribution Maps 33
Illustrations 34
Acknowledgements 35
Funding 36
Introduction 38
Origins of the B.C. Freshwater Fish Fauna 38
Present Distribution 53
Conservation of Freshwater Fishes 62
Pictorial Family Key 75
Lampreys (Petromyzontidae) 76
Lampetra ayresii (River Lamprey) 78
Lampetra macrostoma (Vancouver Lamprey) 83
Lampetra richardsoni (Western Brook Lamprey) 87
Lampetra tridentata (Pacific Lamprey) 91
Sturgeon (Acipenseridae) 98
Acipenser medirostris (Green Sturgeon) 100
Acipenser transmontanus (White Sturgeon) 105
Mooneyes (Hiodontidae) 114
Hiodon alosoides (Goldeye) 115
Herrings (Clupeidae) 120
Alosa sapidissima (American Shad) 121
Minnows (Cyprinidae) 126
Acrocheilus alutaceus (Chiselmouth) 131
Carassius auratus (Goldfish) 136
Couesius plumbeus (Lake Chub) 140
Cyprinus carpio (Common Carp) 147
Hybognathus hankinsoni (Brassy Minnow) 151
Margariscus margarita nachtriebi (Northern Pearl Dace) 156
Mylocheilus caurinus (Peamouth) 161
Notropis atherinoides (Emerald Shiner) 167
Notropis hudsonius (Spottail Shiner) 171
Phoxinus eos (Northern Redbelly Dace) 176
Phoxinus neogaeus (Finescale Dace) 181
Pimephales promelas (Fathead Minnow) 186
Platygobio gracilis (Flathead Chub) 191
Ptychocheilus oregonensis (Northern Pikeminnow) 195
Rhinichthys cataractae (Longnose Dace) 201
Rhinichthys falcatus (Leopard Dace) 208
Rhinichthys osculus (Speckled Dace) 214
Rhinichthys umatilla (Umatilla Dace) 219
Richardsonius balteatus (Redside Shiner) 225
Tinca tinca (Tench) 230
Suckers (Catostomidae) 234
Catostomus catostomus (Longnose Sucker) 237
Catostomus columbianus (Bridgelip Sucker) 244
Catostomus commersonii (White Sucker) 250
Catostomus macrocheilus (Largescale Sucker) 256
Catostomus platyrhynchus (Mountain Sucker) 262
North American Catfishes (Ictaluridae) 270
Ameiurus melas (Black Bullhead) 271
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow Bullhead) 275
Ameiurus nebulosus (Brown Bullhead) 279
Pikes (Esocidae) 284
Esox lucius (Northern Pike) 285
Smelts (Osmeridae) 292
Spirinchus thaleichthys (Longfin Smelt) 294
Thaleichthys pacificus (Eulachon) 300
Salmonids (Salmonidae) 306
Salmoninae 308
Coregoninae 422
Thymallinae 480
Trout-perch (Percopsidae) 486
Percopsis omiscomaycus (Trout-perch) 487
Cods (Gadidae) 492
Lota lota (Burbot) 493
Sticklebacks (Gasterosteidae) 500
Culaea inconstans (Brook Stickleback) 502
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Threespine Stickleback) 507
Pungitius pungitius (Ninespine Stickleback) 515
Sculpins (Cottidae) 522
Cottus aleuticus (Coastrange Sculpin) 527
Cottus asper (Prickly Sculpin) 532
Cottus cognatus (Slimy Sculpin) 537
Cottus confusus (Shorthead Sculpin) 544
Cottus hubbsi (Columbia Sculpin) 550
Cottus rhotheus (Torrent Sculpin) 556
Cottus ricei (Spoonhead Sculpin) 561
Cottus sp. (Rocky Mountain Sculpin) 565
Sunfishes (Centrarchidae) 572
Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed) 574
Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) 579
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth Bass) 584
Micropterus salmoides (Largemouth Bass) 589
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Black Crappie) 594
Perches (Percidae) 598
Perca flavescens (Yellow Perch) 599
Sander vitreus (Walleye) 604
Righteye Flounders (Pleuronectidae) 610
Bibliography 612
Appendix 1 678
Glossary 680
Index to Scientific and Common Names 690