Many Faces of Gender

Roles and Relationships through Time in Indigenous Northern Communities

Ebook

Many Faces of Gender

Many Faces of Gender : Roles and Relationships through Time in Indigenous Northern Communities is an interdisciplinary volume that addresses the dearth in descriptions and analyses of gender roles and relationships in Native societies in North America's boreal reaches. This collection complements existing conceptual frameworks and develops new methodological and theoretical approaches that more fully articulate the complex nature of social, economic, political, and material relationships between indigenous men and women in this region. The contributors challenge the widespread notion that Native women's and men's roles are frozen in time, a concept precluding the possibility of differently constructed gender categories and changing power relations and roles through time. By examining the prehistorical, historical, and modern records, they demonstrate that these roles are not fixed and have indeed gradually transformed. Many Faces of Gender : Roles and Relationships through Time in Indigenous Northern Communities is ideal for anthropologists and archaeologists interested in cross-disciplinary studies of gender, households, women, and lithics.

With Contributions By:
Lillian Ackerman
Hetty Jo Brumbach
Barbara Crass
Lisa Frink
Brian Hoffman
Robert Jarvenpa
Carol Zane Jolles
Gregory Reinhardt
Rita Shepard
Henry Stewart
Jennifer Ann Tobey
Peter Whitridge

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Many Faces of Gender 1
Contents 6
List of Illustrations 8
Acknowledgments 10
1 Many Faces: An Introduction to Gender Research in Indigenous Northern North America 14
I: CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH 24
2 Kipijuituq in Netsilik Society: Changing Patterns of Gender and Patterns of Changing Gender 26
3 Gender Equality in a Contemporary Indian Community 40
4 Celebration of a Life: Remembering Linda Womkon Badten, Yupik Educator 50
II: HISTORICAL AND ETHNOARCHAEOLOGICAl APPROACHES 72
5 Changing Residence Patterns and Intradomestic Role Changes: Causes and Effects in Nineteenth-Century Western Alaska 74
6 Re-peopling the House: Household Organization Within Deg Hit'an Villages, Southwest Alaska 94
7 Fish Tales: Women and Decision Making in Western Alaska 106
III: MATERIAL AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS 122
8 Child and Infant Burials in the Arctic 124
9 Puzzling Out Gender-Specific "Sides" to a Prehistoric House in Barrow, Alaska 134
10 Broken Eyes and Simple Grooves: Understanding Eastern Aleut Needle Technology Through Experimental Manufacture and Use of Bone Needles 164
11 Gender, Households, and the Material Construction of Social Difference: Metal Consumption at a Classic Thule Whaling Village 178
IV: SYNTHESIS AND PROJECTIONS FOR MDIGENOUS NORTHERN GENDER RESEARCH 206
12 Gender Dynamics in Native Northwestern North America: Perspectives and Prospects 208
Notes 224
References 230
Contributors 260
A 262
Index 262
B 263
C 263
D 264
F 264
E 264
G 265
H 265
I 266
K 266
L 266
M 266
P 267
N 267
O 267
Q 268
R 268
S 268
T 269
W 269
V 269
U 269
Y 270
Z 270