Foundations of Justice

Based on original research, this exhaustive volume provides a rich background to Alberta's historic courthouses. Covering in detail all of Alberta's historic courthouses built between 1874 and 1950, this book considers many facets of these unique and significant structures. Using the backdrop of the major political periods in Alberta history, this study considers the influence of local and provincial politics on courthouse construction in addition to the cultural and economic milieu of the time. As part of the overall historical context, Foundations of Justice: Alberta's Historic Courthouses also presents some of the more colourful aspects of Alberta's little-known legal history, as well as an account of the evolution of the court system. Most courthouses have a rich and detailed history, and as landmarks they are important not only for their functional requirements but as symbols of the cultural ideals that they reflect in our society.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Foundations of Justice 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS 7
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN PHOTO CREDITS 11
FOREWORD 12
PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 14
LEGAL ARCHIVES SOCIETY OF ALBERTA 16
INTRODUCTION 17
The Courthouse – General Themes and History 19
PART ONE: THE TERRITORIAL COURTHOUSES 26
The North-West Territories to 1905 27
The Territorial Courts 28
The Territorial Supreme Court 30
Courthouse Policy – The Conservatives 32
Courthouse Policy – The Liberals 33
Architecture and Design 35
CALGARY 40
LETHBRIDGE 55
MEDICINE HAT 66
FORT MACLEOD 76
EDMONTON: THE COURTHOUSE THAT NEVER WAS 95
RED DEER 112
CONCLUSION 127
PART TWO: THE FIRST PROVINCIAL COURTHOUSES – THE LIBERALS REIGN 1905 TO 1921 130
The Provincial Courts 131
Courthouse Policy, Part One: Rutherford 134
Courthouse Policy, Part Two: The Sifton Years 136
Patronage and Politicking 137
Architecture and Design 140
CARDSTON 145
WETASKIWIN 158
EDMONTON 176
LETHBRIDGE 197
CALGARY 220
MEDICINE HAT 240
CONCLUSION 259
PART THREE: A NEW REGIME: THE UFA YEARS 262
Courthouse Policy 263
The Courts 263
Architecture and Design 265
BLAIRMORE 268
GRANDE PRAIRIE 278
HANNA 295
RED DEER 314
VEGREVILLE 331
CONCLUSION 346
EPILOGUE: THE ALBERTA COURTHOUSE SINCE WORLD WAR II 348
NOTES 354
BIBLIOGRAPHY 367
INDEX 372
A 372
B 372
C 372
D 374
E 374
F 376
H 377
G 377
I 378
J 378
K 378
L 378
M 380
N 381
O 381
P 381
R 382
Q 382
S 383
T 384
U 384
V 384
W 384
Y 385
Z 385