Tools of the Trade

Tools of the Trade: Methods, Techniques and Innovative Approaches in Archaeology presents a collection of academic papers from the 2005 Chacmool archaeological conference, which includes a wide range of contributions from international archaeologists, senior professors, and students alike. Each chapter focuses on the discussion and application of unique and innovative 'tools' for archaeological analysis and interpretation, including micro- and macro-botanical analysis, experimental study, off-site survey, lithic use-wear, ceramic petrography, DNA analysis, chaîne opératoire, space syntax, and Geographic Information Systems. As a collective volume, Tools of the Trade: Methods, Techniques and Innovative Approaches in Archaeology also covers an impressive diversity of geographic regions and time periods, such as Precolumbian Mesoamerica, Plio-Pleistocene Africa, prehistoric and historic North America, and ancient Polynesia. Finally, this volume provides a somewhat introspective look at the origins of tool use, technological development, and the means by which we have become the only species to ask the questions: What does it mean to be us and how can we find out?

With contributions by:
Kristen Anderson
Tobin C. Bottman
Ryan T. Brady
Susan Cachel
Leslie G. Cecil
Ruth Conroy Dalton
Eugene M.Gryba
Leslie Main Johnson
Ciler Kirsan
Purple Kumai
E.G. Langemann
Amber E. MacKenzie
Go Matsumoto
Maria Victoria Monsalve
Jose Roberto Pellini
Meaghan M. Peuramaki-Brown
Jason W. Roe
Michael J. Shott
Nicholas Waber
Joshua J. Wells
Jayne Wilkins
Pamela R. Willoughby
D.Y. Yang
Tobin C. Bottman
Ryan T. Brady
Susan Cachel
Leslie G. Cecil
Ruth Conroy Dalton
Eugene M. Gryba
Leslie Main Johnson
Ciler Kirsan
Purple Kumai
E. Gwyn Langemann
Amber E. MacKenzie
Go Matsumoto
Maria Victoria Monsalve
Jose Roberto Pellini
Meaghan M. Peuramaki-Brown
Jason Roe
Michael J. Shott
Nicholas Waber
Joshua J. Wells
Pamela R. Willoughby
Dongya Y. Yang

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Copyright Page 5
Table of Contents 6
tool: Definition 10
Introduction 12
Chapter 1: Great Ape Tool Useand the Oldowan 28
Chapter 2: Natural History Intelligence and Hominid Tool Behaviour 40
Chapter 3: Tempo and Mode inthe Palaeolithic:How to Understand the Origins of Culture 58
Chapter 4: A Game of Inches: An Experimental Approach to Understanding How Atlatl Length Affects Performance 78
Chapter 5: Microscopic and Use-Wear Studies Plus Microblade Replication: Experiments with Rawand Heat-Treated Glass Buttes Obsidian 90
Chapter 6: Making and Understanding Embarras Bipoints: The Replication and Operational Sequencing of a Newly Defined Diagnostic Stone Tool from the Eastern Slopes of Alberta 102
Chapter 7: Systematic Properties of Stone Tool Reduction: Curation Analysis of Palaeoindian Bifacesand Unifaces 118
Chapter 8: The Chaîne Opératoire of Ceramic Manufacture and Ceramic Petrography: A Case Study from Rancho del Rio, Northwestern Honduras 134
Chapter 9: Archaeometric and Non-archaeometric Techniques and Their Relevance to Understanding Human Behaviour 152
Chapter 10: Stable Isotope Analysis of Marine Shell to Determine Geographic Provenience: Implications for Prehistoric Trade Route Research 166
Chapter 11: Molecular Analysis of Ancient Cervid Remains from Two Archaeological Sites: Banff National Park and Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site, Alberta 194
Chapter 12: Tools for Interpreting Past Plant Use by Subarctic and Northern Northwest Coast Peoples 210
Chapter 13: Variable Wetland Useat the Mono Lake Basin, Eastern California: Perspectives from aNon-Site Approach 228
Chapter 14: Fill in the Gap between Theory and Practice: Making a GIS-Based Digital Map of Pachacamac 244
Chapter 15: Economy in Ancient Egypt: The Use of GIS for Understanding Different Spheres of Exchange 264
Chapter 16: A Space Syntax Analysis of Dohack and Range Phase Villages in the American Bottom 284
Chapter 17: The Spatial Morphology of Deficient Samples: Applying ‘Spatial String-Matching’ Methods to an Incomplete Data of Vernacular Houses 302
Contributors 328
Index 334
Back Cover 346