Visiting With the Ancestors

In 2010, five magnificent Blackfoot shirts, now owned by the University of Oxford’s Pitt Rivers Museum, were brought to Alberta to be exhibited at the Glenbow Museum, in Calgary, and the Galt Museum, in Lethbridge. The shirts had not returned to Blackfoot territory since 1841, when officers of the Hudson’s Bay Company acquired them. The shirts were later transported to England, where they had remained ever since. Exhibiting the shirts at the museums was, however, only one part of the project undertaken by Laura Peers and Alison Brown. Prior to the installation of the exhibits, groups of Blackfoot people—hundreds altogether—participated in special “handling sessions,” in which they were able to touch the shirts and examine them up close. The shirts, some painted with mineral pigments and adorned with porcupine quillwork, others decorated with locks of human and horse hair, took the breath away of those who saw, smelled, and touched them. Long-dormant memories were awakened, and many of the participants described a powerful sense of connection and familiarity with the shirts, which still house the spirit of the ancestors who wore them. In the pages of this beautifully illustrated volume is the story of an effort to build a bridge between museums and source communities, in hopes of establishing stronger, more sustaining relationships between the two and spurring change in prevailing museum policies. Negotiating the tension between a museum’s institutional protocol and Blackfoot cultural protocol was challenging, but the experience described both by the authors and by Blackfoot contributors to the volume was transformative. Museums seek to preserve objects for posterity. Visiting With the Ancestorsdemonstrates that the emotional and spiritual power of objects does not vanish with the death of those who created them. For Blackfoot people today, these shirts are a living presence, one that evokes a sense of continuity and inspires pride in Blackfoot cultural heritage.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Title 4
Copyright 5
Contents 6
List of Illustrations 8
Blackfoot Sacred Protocol 12
Introduction 20
ONE: Gifts from the Sun 24
TWO: Introducing the Blackfoot Nations 30
THREE: The Blackfoot and the Fur Trade 38
FOUR: Blackfoot Clothing 48
FIVE: Making Relations in the Past 76
SIX: Making Relations in the Present 86
The Importance of the Blackfoot Shirts Today 94
Connecting with Community 100
SEVEN: Planning the Project and Raising the Funds 108
Preparing to Travel 120
Lending a Helping Hand 122
EIGHT: Visiting the Shirts 134
“Our People Still Believe” 159
Visiting the Blackfoot Shirts 164
Questions About the Shirts 167
NINE: Community Effects 174
Preparing for Our Ancestors to Come Home 193
A Conversation About Blackfoot Quillwork 199
TEN: Why Were the Shirts Not Repatriated? 206
Continuing the Relationship 211
“They Will Matter to Us Forever” 219
Acknowledgments 222
References 226